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Arms Sold:

BMS

Litening

Cyber Training Range

Reccelite

Spike

IIIM

BMS C2

XACTth65

SMART

Companies:

Skip to:

Australia

Introduction:

 

Australia and Israel established strong economic and military relations. Beside of bilateral agreements and advanced cooperation on national security, defense and cyber security, Israel exported to Australia army equipment, missiles, battle management systems, air and ground vehicles and cyber-security systems and training.

Israel – Australia Relations:

 

Australia and Israel established bilateral relations in 1949.

In 2017-2018, total merchandise trade between Australia and Israel was worth over $1 billion, and Israel’s investment in Australia in 2017 was $301 million[1]. In 2018, Israel was Australia’s 41st largest merchandise trading partner and 50th largest export market. In 2018 imports from Israel were worth $998 million[2].

In 2016 Israel and Australia signed an Air Service Agreement and in 2019 tax treaty to prevent double taxation and tax avoidance.

In 2017, Australia and Israel signed a Technological Innovation Cooperation Agreement that includes a bilateral funding program to enable cooperation between Australia and Israeli companies.[3]

In 2017 the Israeli company Airobotics became Australia’s first and only Civil Aviation Safety Authority (CASA) approved operator of automated multi-rotor drones for beyond visual line of sight (BVLOS) operations, with no aircrew needed at the client site. In 2017 Airobotics announced its first customer in Australia, the mining company South32. [4]

Military Relations:

 

Since 2017 Australia and Israel have expanded cooperation on national security, defense and cyber security. Israeli and Australian defense officials had annual strategic talks in 2018[5] and 2019. In 2019 Australia opened an Australian Trade and Defense Office in West Jerusalem, that was planned to facilitate trade, investment and defense industry partnerships.[6] [7]

In 2018 Israel’s Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu revealed that Israeli and Australian security agencies had shared intelligence information.[8]

In 2019, following a series of visits, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) on cyber security cooperation.

There are many examples for arms deals in the last years. The Israeli company Plasan is partnering with Thales Australia to deliver a fully protected body kit for the 1,100 Hawkei vehicles to be provided to the ADF on a contract spread over five years. Israel’s Elbit Systems is the prime systems integrator for the battle management system of the Australian Army and provides thermal weapon sights. The Royal Australian Air Force AP‑3C Orion aircraft are currently fitted with an ESM system known as ALR-2001 from Elta (a division of Israel Aircraft Industries). Between 2009-2017 the Australian Air Force leased 10 Heron drones from Israel for use in Afghanistan.[9]

Elbit and IAI run subsidiary companies in Australia.[10][11] Elbit runs a CYBERBIT security training range for the department of Defense of Australia since 2018.[12]

ABT Security Systems who supply integrated security systems for most corporate and industry sectors across Australia, announced in 2019 a strategic partnership with the Israeli company Anyvision, that produces face recognition technologies. [13] NSO Groups smartphone spy-malware was also reported to be used by Australian forces.[14] In 2020, IAI and Australian mining company BIS announced the launch of a new joint venture partnership – “Auto-mate” – a new company that will provide autonomous systems for mining operations.[15]

In 2017 Israel and Australia agreed on training that Australian police, paramedics, firefighters, Defense personnel and officers from transport security and the department of immigration and border protection will have in Israel by Israeli experts. The Australian forces are planned to learn new methods of protecting buildings, carrying out surveillance and using biometrics.[16] 

Arms Fairs:

AUS&R – Israeli companies (RT, IAI, Elbit) participated at the AUS&R Fair in 2014.

Avalon – Australian International Aerospace and Defence Exposition – 2017: Elbit, IAI, 2019: Elbit, IAI, Rafael.

Security Australia – 2018: Anyvision, 2019: Anyvision     

The Australian International Airshow – 2017: IAI

Usage of Israeli Arms:

Battle Management System on Canberra Class Ships – in use by Royal Australian Navy since 2015.

ALR 2001- The system is also fitted on the RAAF’s E-7A Wedgetail aircraft.

Litening III – In use on F/A-18 combat aircraft by Royal Australian Air Force since 2007. In March 2015, six F/A-18As from No. 75 Squadron were deployed to the Middle East as part of Operation Okra, that was an Australian military intervention against the Islamic State of Iraq and Levant (ISIL). [17][18]

Heron UAV – used by Royal Australian Air Force. Was part of No. 5 Flight since 2010 at RAAF Base Amberley. Operated in Kandahar, Afghanistan as part of Operation Slipper till 2014. Was in use of the RAAF till 2017. [19]

IIIM, COTS – in use by Autralian Federal Police since 2013.

Skylark UAV – was in use by Royal Australian Air Force.

Pegasus smartphone malware – NSO Group uses smartphone malware know as Pegasus which ChannelNews understands is used by Australian security agencies and the Australian Federal Police who are now looking to prosecute journalists for exposing corruption among Government agencies.[20]

Human Rights Violations

 

In July 2013, Australia introduced offshore processing of refugees and asylum seekers. In 2019 and 2020 the government maintained its stance that no one who arrives by boat will be resettled in Australia. Between 2013-2019 Australia has forcibly transferred more than 3,000 asylum seekers to Papua New Guinea (PNG) and Nauru. In 2019, about 600 refugees and asylum seekers remained there. At least 12 refugees and asylum seekers have died in Australia’s offshore processing system in 2019. [21] [22]

Another ongoing human rights issue in Australia is the legacy of mistreatment of indigenous Australians. They are significantly over-represented in the criminal justice system, often for minor offenses like unpaid fines. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people comprise 28 percent of Australia’s adult prison population, but just 3 percent of the national population.[23]

Across Australia, around 600 children under the age of 14 are imprisoned each year, according to the Human Rights Law Centre. Australia states and territories set the age of criminal responsibility at 10.[24]

Broadly drafted national security laws have been used against lawyers, journalists, and whistleblowers. In 2019 police raided a home of a journalist and the office of ABC’s headquarter in Sidney over stories alleging abuses by Australian special forces in Afghanistan.

In December 2018 the Australian parliament rushed through legislation undermining encryption and cybersecurity, allowing law enforcement and security agencies to order technology companies, and individuals, to facilitate access to encrypted data and devices.

Australia exports military equipment to Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, despite concerns about alleged war crimes by the Saudi-led coalition in Yemen. There is little transparency about the types or quantities of equipment sold or the end-user.

In 2019 the Australian government announced it will oppose a ban on fully autonomous weapons also known as “killer robots.”[25]

An annual report by the Inspector-General of the Australian Defence Force said 55 separate incidents were being investigated as part of a years-long probe into allegations Australian soldiers committed war crimes while serving in Afghanistan.[26] The alleged war crimes, including the killing of civilians and prisoners, were committed by Australian special forces. Elite Australian commandos were deployed alongside US and allied forces in Afghanistan following the September 11, 2001 attacks. More than 26,000 Australian personnel have served in Afghanistan since the war began in October 2001.[27] Between 2001-2019 more than 150,000 Afghans, including around 50,000 civilians have been killed in Afghanistan.

In 2019 Australian Defense Force officials have admitted that 18 civilians were killed in an airstrike involving Australian jets in Mosul, Iraq. Australia has announced involvement in three separate allegations where civilians were among the death toll from airstrikes, during Operation Okra in Iraq, in 2017.[28]

Sales Records Table

Download as XLS or PDF or view the Google-Doc

Product
Company
Year
Deal Size
Comments
Source
Battle Management Systems
Elbit
2012
$350m
integrated into landing craft installed on board the Canberra Class Amphibious ships.
https://en.globes.co.il/en/article-1000787678. https://greensmps.org.au/articles/adjournment-speech-ceasing-australian-military-co-operation-israel
18 EL/M-2022 MP aircraft radar systems.
IAI/Elta
1995 (2002-2005)
Part of $372-495m deal
Project Air-5276′ for modernization of 18 P-3C ASW aircraft to AP-3C Sea Sentinel by US company
SIPRI
37 Litening AT Aircraft EO Systems
Rafael
2005 (2006-2007)
for F/A-18 combat aircraft; ordered via USA; from US production line
SIPRI
Cyber Training Range
Elbit
2018
for the Department of Defence under a three year contract
https://www.minister.defence.gov.au/minister/cpyne/media-releases/training-range-defensive-cyber-specialists
Litening-5 and RecceLite systems
Rafael
2020
to equip Leonardo’s M-346FA light combat aircraft.
https://www.asdnews.com/news/defense/2020/05/08/rafael-leonardo-will-supply-m346fa-with-rafaels-litening-5-reccelite-systems
10 RecceLite Aircraft Recce Systems
Rafael
2007 (2008-2009)
SIPRI
10 Heron UAVs
IAI
2009
Project Nankeen’; leased from producer via Canadian company; for use in Afghanistan
SIPRI
Spike LR-2 missiles
Rafael
2018
For Boxer IFV; incl production in Australia
SIPRI
Investigation, Intelligence and Incident Management (IIIM) Solution System
Elbit
2013
$32m
for the Australian Federal Police
https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/elbit-systems-awarded-an-approximately-32-million-contract-to-supply-australian-federal-police-with-advanced-information-management-system-219152171.html, https://greensmps.org.au/articles/adjournment-speech-ceasing-australian-military-co-operation-israel
Upgrade of real time management systems
Elbit
2013
$133m
for the Australian Federal Police
https://www.israeldefense.co.il/en/content/elbits-australian-project
BMS C2 – Blue Force Tracker
Elbit
2018
$150m
http://www.pressreader.com/israel/jerusalem-post/20180126/281921658475631
XACTth65 – Thermal Weapon Sights
Elbit
2018
for ADF
Super Multi-hit Armor Technology (SMART)
2020
for Hawkei protected vehicles
https://www.israeldefense.co.il/en/node/45144
6 Skylark mini UAVs
Elbit
2005
for usage in Iraq
https://defense-update.com/20041128_skylark1-uav-2
Pegasus – Smartphone surveillance malware
NSO Group
2019
used by Australian security agencies and the Australian Federal Police
australian-smartphones-connected-to-apple-microsoft-google-facebook-servers-exposed/

1. ^ https://ajn.timesofisrael.com/australias-newest-tax-treaty-good-for-business/

2. ^ https://www.dfat.gov.au/geo/israel/Pages/israel-country-brief

3. ^ https://www.dfat.gov.au/geo/israel/Pages/israel-country-brief

4. ^ https://www.jwire.com.au/pilotless-israeli-drones-take-off-in-australia/

5. ^ https://www.minister.defence.gov.au/minister/christopher-pyne/media-releases/visit-israel

6. ^ https://www.dfat.gov.au/geo/israel/Pages/israel-country-brief

7. ^ https://www.timesofisrael.com/without-fanfare-australia-opens-trade-and-defense-office-in-jerusalem/

8. ^ https://www.aspistrategist.org.au/israel-australia-counterterrorism-information-sharing/

9. ^ Sipri

10. ^ https://aaus.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2019/07/AAUS-RPAS-in-Australian-Skies-2019-Michael-Allouche.pdf

11. ^ https://www.elbitsystems.com.au/

12. ^ https://www.minister.defence.gov.au/minister/cpyne/media-releases/training-range-defensive-cyber-specialists

13. ^ https://www.abtsecuritysystems.com.au/2019/07/25/anyvision/

14. ^ https://www.channelnews.com.au/australian-smartphones-connected-to-apple-microsoft-google-facebook-servers-exposed/

15. ^ https://www.iai.co.il/iai-and-bis-launch-mining-automation-business

16. ^ https://www.sbs.com.au/news/israelis-to-train-aust-forces-on-security

17. ^ http://www.news.com.au/national/raaf-mission-against-isis-pilots-did-not-drop-bombs-because-of-collateral-damage-risk/story-fncynjr2-1227083688464

18. ^ http://www.news.com.au/national/confirmed-australian-air-strikes-have-killed-multiple-isis-targets-in-iraq/story-fncynjr2-1227093687272

19. ^ http://www.rusinsw.org.au/Papers/20130827.pdf

20. ^ https://www.channelnews.com.au/australian-smartphones-connected-to-apple-microsoft-google-facebook-servers-exposed/

21. ^ https://www.hrw.org/news/2020/07/16/seven-years-suffering-australias-asylum-seekers-refugees

22. ^ https://www.hrw.org/world-report/2020/country-chapters/australia

23. ^ https://www.hrw.org/world-report/2020/country-chapters/australia

24. ^ https://www.hrw.org/world-report/2020/country-chapters/australia

25. ^ https://www.theguardian.com/science/2019/mar/29/uk-us-russia-opposing-killer-robot-ban-un-ai

26. ^ https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/2/25/australian-special-forces-probed-for-alleged-afghan-war-crimes

27. ^ https://thediplomat.com/2020/03/australia-to-follow-us-withdrawal-from-afghanistan/

28. ^ https://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2019/feb/01/australian-jets-may-have-killed-18-civilians-in-mosul-air-strike-adf-admits

Australia

Australia and Israel established strong economic and military relations. Beside of bilateral agreements and advanced cooperation on national security, defense and cyber security, Israel exported to Australia army equipment, missiles, battle management systems, air and ground vehicles and cyber-security systems and training.

Australia and Israel established bilateral relations in 1949.

In 2017-2018, total merchandise trade between Australia and Israel was worth over $1 billion, and Israel’s investment in Australia in 2017 was $301 million[1]. In 2018, Israel was Australia’s 41st largest merchandise trading partner and 50th largest export market. In 2018 imports from Israel were worth $998 million[2].

In 2016 Israel and Australia signed an Air Service Agreement and in 2019 tax treaty to prevent double taxation and tax avoidance.

In 2017, Australia and Israel signed a Technological Innovation Cooperation Agreement that includes a bilateral funding program to enable cooperation between Australia and Israeli companies.[3]

In 2017 the Israeli company Airobotics became Australia’s first and only Civil Aviation Safety Authority (CASA) approved operator of automated multi-rotor drones for beyond visual line of sight (BVLOS) operations, with no aircrew needed at the client site. In 2017 Airobotics announced its first customer in Australia, the mining company South32. [4]

Since 2017 Australia and Israel have expanded cooperation on national security, defense and cyber security. Israeli and Australian defense officials had annual strategic talks in 2018[5] and 2019. In 2019 Australia opened an Australian Trade and Defense Office in West Jerusalem, that was planned to facilitate trade, investment and defense industry partnerships.[6] [7]

In 2018 Israel’s Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu revealed that Israeli and Australian security agencies had shared intelligence information.[8]

In 2019, following a series of visits, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) on cyber security cooperation.

There are many examples for arms deals in the last years. The Israeli company Plasan is partnering with Thales Australia to deliver a fully protected body kit for the 1,100 Hawkei vehicles to be provided to the ADF on a contract spread over five years. Israel’s Elbit Systems is the prime systems integrator for the battle management system of the Australian Army and provides thermal weapon sights. The Royal Australian Air Force AP‑3C Orion aircraft are currently fitted with an ESM system known as ALR-2001 from Elta (a division of Israel Aircraft Industries). Between 2009-2017 the Australian Air Force leased 10 Heron drones from Israel for use in Afghanistan.[9]

Elbit and IAI run subsidiary companies in Australia.[10][11] Elbit runs a CYBERBIT security training range for the department of Defense of Australia since 2018.[12]

ABT Security Systems who supply integrated security systems for most corporate and industry sectors across Australia, announced in 2019 a strategic partnership with the Israeli company Anyvision, that produces face recognition technologies. [13] NSO Group’s smartphone spy-malware was also reported to be used by Australian forces.[14] In 2020, IAI and Australian mining company BIS announced the launch of a new joint venture partnership – “Auto-mate” – a new company that will provide autonomous systems for mining operations.[15]

In 2017 Israel and Australia agreed on training that Australian police, paramedics, firefighters, Defense personnel and officers from transport security and the department of immigration and border protection will have in Israel by Israeli experts. The Australian forces are planned to learn new methods of protecting buildings, carrying out surveillance and using biometrics.[16] 

Arms Fairs:

AUS&R – Israeli companies (RT, IAI, Elbit) participated at the AUS&R Fair in 2014.

Avalon – Australian International Aerospace and Defence Exposition – 2017: Elbit, IAI, 2019: Elbit, IAI, Rafael.

Security Australia – 2018: Anyvision, 2019: Anyvision     

The Australian International Airshow – 2017: IAI

Battle Management System on Canberra Class Ships – in use by Royal Australian Navy since 2015.

ALR 2001- The system is also fitted on the RAAF’s E-7A Wedgetail aircraft.

Litening III – In use on F/A-18 combat aircraft by Royal Australian Air Force since 2007. In March 2015, six F/A-18As from No. 75 Squadron were deployed to the Middle East as part of Operation Okra, that was an Australian military intervention against the Islamic State of Iraq and Levant (ISIL). [17][18]

Heron UAV – used by Royal Australian Air Force. Was part of No. 5 Flight since 2010 at RAAF Base Amberley. Operated in Kandahar, Afghanistan as part of Operation Slipper till 2014. Was in use of the RAAF till 2017. [19]

IIIM, COTS – in use by Autralian Federal Police since 2013.

Skylark UAV – was in use by Royal Australian Air Force.

Pegasus smartphone malware – NSO Group uses smartphone malware know as Pegasus which ChannelNews understands is used by Australian security agencies and the Australian Federal Police who are now looking to prosecute journalists for exposing corruption among Government agencies.[20]

In July 2013, Australia introduced offshore processing of refugees and asylum seekers. In 2019 and 2020 the government maintained its stance that no one who arrives by boat will be resettled in Australia. Between 2013-2019 Australia has forcibly transferred more than 3,000 asylum seekers to Papua New Guinea (PNG) and Nauru. In 2019, about 600 refugees and asylum seekers remained there. At least 12 refugees and asylum seekers have died in Australia’s offshore processing system in 2019. [21] [22]

Another ongoing human rights issue in Australia is the legacy of mistreatment of indigenous Australians. They are significantly over-represented in the criminal justice system, often for minor offenses like unpaid fines. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people comprise 28 percent of Australia’s adult prison population, but just 3 percent of the national population.[23]

Across Australia, around 600 children under the age of 14 are imprisoned each year, according to the Human Rights Law Centre. Australia states and territories set the age of criminal responsibility at 10.[24]

Broadly drafted national security laws have been used against lawyers, journalists, and whistleblowers. In 2019 police raided a home of a journalist and the office of ABC’s headquarter in Sidney over stories alleging abuses by Australian special forces in Afghanistan.

In December 2018 the Australian parliament rushed through legislation undermining encryption and cybersecurity, allowing law enforcement and security agencies to order technology companies, and individuals, to facilitate access to encrypted data and devices.

Australia exports military equipment to Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, despite concerns about alleged war crimes by the Saudi-led coalition in Yemen. There is little transparency about the types or quantities of equipment sold or the end-user.

In 2019 the Australian government announced it will oppose a ban on fully autonomous weapons also known as “killer robots.”[25]

An annual report by the Inspector-General of the Australian Defence Force said 55 separate incidents were being investigated as part of a years-long probe into allegations Australian soldiers committed war crimes while serving in Afghanistan.[26] The alleged war crimes, including the killing of civilians and prisoners, were committed by Australian special forces. Elite Australian commandos were deployed alongside US and allied forces in Afghanistan following the September 11, 2001 attacks. More than 26,000 Australian personnel have served in Afghanistan since the war began in October 2001.[27] Between 2001-2019 more than 150,000 Afghans, including around 50,000 civilians have been killed in Afghanistan.

In 2019 Australian Defense Force officials have admitted that 18 civilians were killed in an airstrike involving Australian jets in Mosul, Iraq. Australia has announced involvement in three separate allegations where civilians were among the death toll from airstrikes, during Operation Okra in Iraq, in 2017.[28]

Download as XLS or PDF or view the Google-Doc

Product
Company
Year
Deal Size
Comments
Source
Battle Management Systems
Elbit
2012
$350m
integrated into landing craft installed on board the Canberra Class Amphibious ships.
https://en.globes.co.il/en/article-1000787678. https://greensmps.org.au/articles/adjournment-speech-ceasing-australian-military-co-operation-israel
18 EL/M-2022 MP aircraft radar systems.
IAI/Elta
1995 (2002-2005)
Part of $372-495m deal
Project Air-5276′ for modernization of 18 P-3C ASW aircraft to AP-3C Sea Sentinel by US company
SIPRI
37 Litening AT Aircraft EO Systems
Rafael
2005 (2006-2007)
for F/A-18 combat aircraft; ordered via USA; from US production line
SIPRI
Cyber Training Range
Elbit
2018
for the Department of Defence under a three year contract
https://www.minister.defence.gov.au/minister/cpyne/media-releases/training-range-defensive-cyber-specialists
Litening-5 and RecceLite systems
Rafael
2020
to equip Leonardo’s M-346FA light combat aircraft.
https://www.asdnews.com/news/defense/2020/05/08/rafael-leonardo-will-supply-m346fa-with-rafaels-litening-5-reccelite-systems
10 RecceLite Aircraft Recce Systems
Rafael
2007 (2008-2009)
SIPRI
10 Heron UAVs
IAI
2009
Project Nankeen’; leased from producer via Canadian company; for use in Afghanistan
SIPRI
Spike LR-2 missiles
Rafael
2018
For Boxer IFV; incl production in Australia
SIPRI
Investigation, Intelligence and Incident Management (IIIM) Solution System
Elbit
2013
$32m
for the Australian Federal Police
https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/elbit-systems-awarded-an-approximately-32-million-contract-to-supply-australian-federal-police-with-advanced-information-management-system-219152171.html, https://greensmps.org.au/articles/adjournment-speech-ceasing-australian-military-co-operation-israel
Upgrade of real time management systems
Elbit
2013
$133m
for the Australian Federal Police
https://www.israeldefense.co.il/en/content/elbits-australian-project
BMS C2 – Blue Force Tracker
Elbit
2018
$150m
http://www.pressreader.com/israel/jerusalem-post/20180126/281921658475631
XACTth65 – Thermal Weapon Sights
Elbit
2018
for ADF
Super Multi-hit Armor Technology (SMART)
Plasan
2020
for Hawkei protected vehicles
https://www.israeldefense.co.il/en/node/45144
6 Skylark mini UAVs
Elbit
2005
for usage in Iraq
https://defense-update.com/20041128_skylark1-uav-2
Pegasus – Smartphone surveillance malware
NSO Group
2019
used by Australian security agencies and the Australian Federal Police
australian-smartphones-connected-to-apple-microsoft-google-facebook-servers-exposed/