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Arms Sold:

APV RAM-2000

AD-STAR radar

Matador

AccuLAR

AEW&C systems

Uzi machine gun

Negev rifle

Companies:

Verint Systems

Israel Weapon Industries

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Vietnam

Introduction:

 

In the last 5 years Vietnam has become one of the 5 largest importers of Israeli arms.

Israel - Vietnam Relations:

 

Vietnam and Israel established diplomatic relations on July 12, 1993, followed by Israel opening its resident embassy in Hanoi in December 1993. Israeli-Vietnamese relations are expanding in the fields of agriculture, commerce, science, and technology, and – most importantly – in the defense sphere. Bilateral trade volume touched $1.3 billion in 2016 and the countries aspire to take it to an annual $2 billion. In 2004, the countries signed the Agreement of Economic and Trade Cooperation for further development of trade.

Military relations:

 

In addition to trading arms, Israel and Vietnam are engaged in joint ventures in the production of weapons systems suitable to the needs of the Vietnamese armed forces. Israel’s entry into this defense market is timely, as Hanoi is undergoing modernization programs for all three military services.

In 2011-12, Israel Weapon Industries established a production facility (at a cost of $100 million) in Vietnam to help supply Galil ACE 31 and 32 assault rifles to the Vietnam People’s Army (VPA).

In March 2015, the two countries concluded a memorandum of understanding on defense cooperation that codified areas for expanded defense trade, technology transfer and licensed production. In the same year Israel set up a defense attaché in Vietnam.

In October 2018 an agreement was signed between the Israeli Ministry of Defense and the Vietnamese Ministry of Defense about military cooperation between Israel and Vietnam[1].

The frequency of visits by military officials, which has become an annual phenomenon, is another manifestation of the keenness on both sides to intensify military ties, in the last three years there were numerous meeting between Israeli officials like the Prime Minister, the President, the C.E.O of the Ministry of Defense and the Director of SIBAT with Vietnamese officials.

In the last years evidence grows of a shared interest in stronger cooperation of the two countries around cyber-security.

A few shared conferences and seminars where hold in cooperation between Vietnam and Israel between 2016-2019.[2]

Vietnam is one of Israel’s largest weapon customer, having purchased $142m in arms in 2017 alone.

Usage of Israeli Arms:

 

Rifles – Evidence of usage of Israeli rifles (Galil Ace, Micro-Uzi, Tavor, Corner-shot and Negev, IWI Galatz) by Vietnamese security forces (2013-2020)

“Matador” anti-tank weapons – used by Vietnamese Marines.

“EXTRA” rocket artillery – used by Vietnamese Coastal Defense.

SPYDER surface-to-air missile systems used by Vietnamese Air Force.[3]

Human Rights Violations:

 

One of the most pressing human rights concerns in Vietnam today is the prohibition of basic human rights as the freedom of speech, expression and opinion, the freedom of media and access to information and the freedom of religion. At least 30 activists and dissidents were sentenced to prison in Vietnam in 2019 simply for exercising their fundamental rights to freedom of expression, association, and religion. Activists and bloggers suffered surveillance, travel bans, physical assaults, interrogation, and arrest, and courts convicted and sentenced them to long prison terms. Activists and bloggers frequently are assaulted by officials or thugs who appear to work in coordination with authorities and enjoy impunity. Vietnamese police routinely place activists under house arrest or briefly detain them to prevent them from participating in meetings and protests or attending the trials of fellow activists.

In January 2019 Vietnam’s problematic cybersecurity law went into effect. The overly broad and vague law gives authorities wide discretion to censor free expression and requires service providers to take down content that authorities consider offensive within 24 hours of receiving the request. At least 25 people were convicted for expressing critical opinions on the internet. The cyber security law and draft decree’s data retention, localization, and surveillance provisions would facilitate greater access to user data by abusive security bureaus and law enforcement authorities, without adequate safeguards for privacy, fair trial rights, and other rights.

Sales Records Table:

Download as XLS or PDF or view the Google-Doc

Product
Company
Year
Deal Size
Comments
Source
mobile phone monitoring surveillance system
Verint
2002
Azerbaijani designation Dolu-1, Leysan and Shimsek
https://rsf.org/en/news/uk-and-us-companies-sold-mobile-phone-tapping-equipment-vietnam
150 APV Ram-2000 armored vehicle
IAI
2006 (2006-2009)
Sipri
EL/M-2288 air search radar
IAI
2012 (2013)
part of $33m deal
Sipri
AD-STAR air search radar
IAI
2012 (2013)
part of $33m deal
Sipri
three EL/M-2022 Aircraft radar
IAI
2012 (2014)
for DHC-6 aircrafts
Sipri
“Matador” man-portable, disposable anti-armor weapons
2013
http://defense-studies.blogspot.com/2013/07/tank-buster-over-shoulder-of-vietnam.html
100 EXTRA guided rockets
2010 (2014-2016)
for coastal defense
Sipri
100 AccuLAR guided rockets
Elbit
2010 (2014-2016)
for coastal defense
Sipri
five SPYDER SAM systems
Rafael
2015 (2016-2018)
Sipri
400 SPYDER SAM missiles
Rafael
2015 (2016-2019)
for SPYDER SAM system
Sipri
three Heron 1 drones
IAI
2018
$140-160m
inluding three ground control stations
Sipri
Galil 31/32 ACE rifle production facility
IWI
2014
$100m
construction of production facility in Vietnam
https://web.archive.org/web/20141006073554/http://www.janes.com/article/33334/israel-weapon-industries-to-begin-assault-rifle-production-in-vietnam , https://www.israeldefense.co.il/en/content/production-galil-rifles-vietnam-has-begun
two AEW&C systems
Elta/IAI
2016
$2.4b (inlduding the aircraft)
for C-295 aircraft
https://www.israeldefense.co.il/he/content/%D7%95%D7%99%D7%99%D7%98%D7%A0%D7%90%D7%9D-%D7%A8%D7%95%D7%9B%D7%A9%D7%AA-%D7%A9%D7%A0%D7%99-%D7%9E%D7%98%D7%95%D7%A1%D7%99-%D7%9E%D7%A9%D7%99%D7%9E%D7%94-%D7%A2%D7%9D-%D7%9E%D7%9B%D7%9E-%D7%A9%D7%9C-%D7%90%D7%9C%D7%AA%D7%90 , https://defense-update.com/20110621_cn-29.html

Vietnam

Vietnam and Israel established diplomatic relations on July 12, 1993, followed by Israel opening its resident embassy in Hanoi in December 1993. Israeli-Vietnamese relations are expanding in the fields of agriculture, commerce, science, and technology, and – most importantly – in the defense sphere. Bilateral trade volume touched $1.3 billion in 2016 and the countries aspire to take it to an annual $2 billion. In 2004, the countries signed the Agreement of Economic and Trade Cooperation for further development of trade.

In addition to trading arms, Israel and Vietnam are engaged in joint ventures in the production of weapons systems suitable to the needs of the Vietnamese armed forces. Israel’s entry into this defense market is timely, as Hanoi is undergoing modernization programs for all three military services.

In 2011-12, Israel Weapon Industries established a production facility (at a cost of $100 million) in Vietnam to help supply Galil ACE 31 and 32 assault rifles to the Vietnam People’s Army (VPA).

In March 2015, the two countries concluded a memorandum of understanding on defense cooperation that codified areas for expanded defense trade, technology transfer and licensed production. In the same year Israel set up a defense attaché in Vietnam.

In October 2018 an agreement was signed between the Israeli Ministry of Defense and the Vietnamese Ministry of Defense about military cooperation between Israel and Vietnam[1].

The frequency of visits by military officials, which has become an annual phenomenon, is another manifestation of the keenness on both sides to intensify military ties, in the last three years there were numerous meeting between Israeli officials like the Prime Minister, the President, the C.E.O of the Ministry of Defense and the Director of SIBAT with Vietnamese officials.

In the last years evidence grows of a shared interest in stronger cooperation of the two countries around cyber-security.

A few shared conferences and seminars where hold in cooperation between Vietnam and Israel between 2016-2019.[2]

Vietnam is one of Israel’s largest weapon customer, having purchased $142m in arms in 2017 alone.

Rifles: 2013-2020: Evidence of usage of Israeli rifles (Galil Ace, Micro-Uzi, Tavor, Corner-shot and Negev, IWI Galatz) by Vietnamese security forces.

“Matador” anti-tank weapons – used by Vietnamese Marines.

“EXTRA” rocket artillery – used by Vietnamese Coastal Defense.

SPYDER surface-to-air missile systems used by Vietnamese Air Force.[3]

One of the most pressing human rights concerns in Vietnam today is the prohibition of basic human rights as the freedom of speech, expression and opinion, the freedom of media and access to information and the freedom of religion. At least 30 activists and dissidents were sentenced to prison in Vietnam in 2019 simply for exercising their fundamental rights to freedom of expression, association, and religion. Activists and bloggers suffered surveillance, travel bans, physical assaults, interrogation, and arrest, and courts convicted and sentenced them to long prison terms. Activists and bloggers frequently are assaulted by officials or thugs who appear to work in coordination with authorities and enjoy impunity. Vietnamese police routinely place activists under house arrest or briefly detain them to prevent them from participating in meetings and protests or attending the trials of fellow activists.

In January 2019 Vietnam’s problematic cybersecurity law went into effect. The overly broad and vague law gives authorities wide discretion to censor free expression and requires service providers to take down content that authorities consider offensive within 24 hours of receiving the request. At least 25 people were convicted for expressing critical opinions on the internet. The cyber security law and draft decree’s data retention, localization, and surveillance provisions would facilitate greater access to user data by abusive security bureaus and law enforcement authorities, without adequate safeguards for privacy, fair trial rights, and other rights.

Download as XLS or PDF or view the Google-Doc

Product
Company
Year
Deal Size
Comments
Source
mobile phone monitoring surveillance system
Verint
2002
Azerbaijani designation Dolu-1, Leysan and Shimsek
https://rsf.org/en/news/uk-and-us-companies-sold-mobile-phone-tapping-equipment-vietnam
150 APV Ram-2000 armored vehicle
IAI
2006 (2006-2009)
Sipri
EL/M-2288 air search radar
IAI
2012 (2013)
part of $33m deal
Sipri
AD-STAR air search radar
IAI
2012 (2013)
part of $33m deal
Sipri
three EL/M-2022 Aircraft radar
IAI
2012 (2014)
for DHC-6 aircrafts
Sipri
“Matador” man-portable, disposable anti-armor weapons
Rafael
2013
http://defense-studies.blogspot.com/2013/07/tank-buster-over-shoulder-of-vietnam.html
100 EXTRA guided rockets
Elbit
2010 (2014-2016)
for coastal defense
Sipri
100 AccuLAR guided rockets
Elbit
2010 (2014-2016)
for coastal defense
Sipri
five SPYDER SAM systems
Rafael
2015 (2016-2018)
Sipri
400 SPYDER SAM missiles
Rafael
2015 (2016-2019)
for SPYDER SAM system
Sipri
three Heron 1 drones
IAI
2018
$140-160m
inluding three ground control stations
Sipri
Galil 31/32 ACE rifle production facility
IWI
2014
$100m
construction of production facility in Vietnam
https://web.archive.org/web/20141006073554/http://www.janes.com/article/33334/israel-weapon-industries-to-begin-assault-rifle-production-in-vietnam , https://www.israeldefense.co.il/en/content/production-galil-rifles-vietnam-has-begun
two AEW&C systems
Elta/IAI
2016
$2.4b (inlduding the aircraft)
for C-295 aircraft
https://www.israeldefense.co.il/he/content/%D7%95%D7%99%D7%99%D7%98%D7%A0%D7%90%D7%9D-%D7%A8%D7%95%D7%9B%D7%A9%D7%AA-%D7%A9%D7%A0%D7%99-%D7%9E%D7%98%D7%95%D7%A1%D7%99-%D7%9E%D7%A9%D7%99%D7%9E%D7%94-%D7%A2%D7%9D-%D7%9E%D7%9B%D7%9E-%D7%A9%D7%9C-%D7%90%D7%9C%D7%AA%D7%90 , https://defense-update.com/20110621_cn-29.html