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Arms Sold:

Phyton

Derby

Litening

UT-25 Turret

Reccelite

Lizard-2

Air Refuel Systems

Companies:

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Brazil

Introduction:

 

Brazil has the largest defense budget in South America and is a key buyer of Israeli weapons and military technology. During the period 2010-2019, Brazil ranked 7th in terms of receipt of Israel weapons exports[1] , that included fighter jets, drones and missiles. Also military and security training was supplied to Brazil by Israel.

Israel – Brazil Relations:

 

Brazil was one of the first countries to recognize the State of Israel, on 7 February 1949. During the military dictatorship, which stayed in place in Brazil from 1964 to 1985, the ties between the two countries stayed strong[2].

Israel is the only country outside of South America to have signed (in 2007) a Free Trade Agreement with the MERCOSUL bloc, which Brazil is part of[3].

Brazil’s current president, Bolsonaro, a sympathizer of the former dictatorship, is strongly connected to Netanyahu, and has been talking about moving the Brazilian embassy in Israel to Jerusalem. Netanyahu has visited Brazil for Bolsonaro’s election ceremony, in 2018, and Bolsonaro has visited Israel the year after.

In 2019, Brazil opened a trade office in Jerusalem.[4]

Israel and Brazil signed agreements in fields of energy, science, technology, innovation, civil aviation and trade promotion and investments.

Military Relations:

 

Brazil has the largest defense budget in South America. While Brazil’s purchase of military equipment and services from Israel were limited during the 1980s and 1990s, these purchases have become a significant part of the trading relationship.  During the period 2010-2019, Brazil ranked 7th in terms of receipt of Israel weapons exports[5]. Brazil is a key buyer of Israeli weapons and military technology. In addition to the hundreds of millions of dollars in contracts signed with Israeli manufacturer Elbit since 2000, the Brazilian Air Force signed a $90 million, five-year lease for 12 Kfir aircraft, and Rafael-manufactured Derby missiles were purchased in 2006. Israel Aerospace Industries signed a $350 million contract in November 2009 to supply drones to the Brazilian police – the largest such deal ever between Israel and Brazil.[6]

Moreover, the relationship now includes joint ventures for the manufacture of military equipment & systems, While some of these are used for military purposes, a substantial part is used for police and security operations, ostensibly for drug-interdiction, but also for example for the 2016 Olympics. The Israeli security company ISDS was supposed to take care of security during the Olympics, but the contract was cancelled after pressure from human rights groups.

Brazil regularly hosts the LAAD Defense and Security international fair, the biggest weapons fair in Latin America and an entry point for Israeli military industry to all Latin American countries.

After Bolsonaro’s election, new trade deals, including defense deals, between Israel and Brazil were discussed and signed, for example the sale of new drones, including drones with facial recognition tools[7].

Usage of Israeli Arms:

 

Israeli drones are regularly used by Brazil to monitor its borders, especially the northern one with Venezuela, and the western one with Bolivia and Paraguay. AEL International Ltd., a Brazilian subsidiary of Israel Elbit, provides the electro-optical observation and surveillance systems for the SISFRON border security program[8].

After huge security investments in preparation for the 2014 Football World Cup and the 2016 Olympics in Rio, Israeli drones were also used during those events to monitor crowds and guarantee security[9].

Brazil has developed “Caçador”, a home-produced UAV, based on the operational experience with IAI’s Heron 1, used in Brazil since 2010[10]. 15 IAI Heron drones are currently operated jointly by the Brazilian Air Force and the Brazilian police.

Brazilian police and military have been trained in the Israeli self-defense and fighting system of Krav Maga.[11]

Human Rights Violations:

 

The list of human rights problems in Brazil is long. Some police officers kill unlawfully, torture detainees, and mistreat children in conflict with the law. Many Brazilian prisons are severely overcrowded, and the lack of adequate state control leaves inmates vulnerable to violence, extortion, and recruitment by gangs. Other human rights problems include violence against women, killings of journalists and bloggers because of their work, and violence against rural activists and indigenous people involved in conflicts over land. Perpetrators of abuses during the military rule of 1964 to 1985 continue to be shielded from justice by an amnesty law passed by the military regime. 

Since the election of President Bolsonaro in 2018 things have gotten worse when it comes to human rights: the president has openly shown racism, hate against women, gay and trans people, support for violence, disregard for Indigenous people’s rights… His openly anti-human rights rhetoric was put into practice through administrative and legislative measures by federal and state governments. 

The year 2019 also saw an increase in the number of killings by police on active duty; severe environmental crises in the Amazon disproportionately affecting Indigenous peoples, Quilombolas and other local traditional communities; attempts to curtail the activities of civil society organizations; and threats against and killings of human rights defenders. The authorities failed to provide an adequate response to a whole range of human rights violations[12] [13].

Sales Records Table:

Download as XLS or PDF or view the Google-Doc

Product
Company
Year
Deal Size
Comments
Source
400 Phyton-3 SRAAMs
1996 (2001)
Sipri
200 Phyton-4 BVRAAMs
Rafael
2002 (2011)
for F-5M Combat Aircraft
Sipri
9 EL/M-2022 MP Aircraft Radars
IAI
2005 (2011-2014)
part of €320m
for modernization of P-3AM Aircraft
Sipri
200 Derby BVRAAMs
Rafael
2006 (2011)
for F-5E Combat Aircraft
Sipri
10 Litening III EO systems
Rafael
2006 (2011-2013)
for AMX and F-5M Combat Aircraft
Sipri
60 UT-25 and UT-30 IFV Turrets
Elbit
2010 (2014-2019)
$260m
for VBTP-MR IFV, produced in Brazil
Sipri
7 Reccelite Aircraft recce systems
Rafael
2006 (2014-2019)
part of $50m deal
Sipri
2 EL/M-2022 MP Aircraft radar
IAI
2007 (2019)
for s C295 (SC-105A) transport/SAR aircraft
Sipri
8 EL/M-2032 Combat AC radar
IAI
2009 (2015-2019)
for modernization of 12 A-4KU (AF-1) Combat Aircraft
Sipri
2 Hermes-450 UAVs
Elbit
2010 (2011)
Brazilian designation: RQ-450
Sipri
2 Hermes-450 UAVs
Elbit
2012 (2013)
$25m
Brazilian designation: RQ-450, assembled in Brazil
Sipri
150 Lizard-2 Guided Bombs
Elbit
2013 (2014-2015)
$2.1m
Sipri
Air Refuel Systems
IAI
2014
for modernization of 4 C-1 transport aircrafts to KC-2 tankers
Sipri
2 EL/M-2022 MP Aircraft Radars
IAI
2014 (2017)
for 2 C295 transport/SAR aircrafts
Sipri
1 EL/M-2022 MP Aircraft Radar
IAI
2014 (2017)
for 1 C295 transport/SAR aircraft
Spiri
2 Hermes-900 UAVs
Elbit
2014
Link
14 Heron UAVs
IAI
2009 (2010)
$350m
Link
MVR MARS RS optical sights
Ares (Elbit)
2014
for IA2 IMBEL Rifles
Link
Electro-Optic Systems
Elbit
2013
for border protection
Link
215 Armament towers for armored vehicle
Ares (Elbit)
2017 (2017-2021)
$62.5m
for Guarani armored vehicles
Link
cyber defense academy
Elta (IAI)
2019
Link

Brazil

Brazil has the largest defense budget in South America and is a key buyer of Israeli weapons and military technology. During the period 2010-2019, Brazil ranked 7th in terms of receipt of Israel weapons exports[1] , that included fighter jets, drones and missiles. Also military and security training was supplied to Brazil by Israel.

Brazil was one of the first countries to recognize the State of Israel, on 7 February 1949. During the military dictatorship, which stayed in place in Brazil from 1964 to 1985, the ties between the two countries stayed strong[2].

Israel is the only country outside of South America to have signed (in 2007) a Free Trade Agreement with the MERCOSUL bloc, which Brazil is part of[3].

Brazil’s current president, Bolsonaro, a sympathizer of the former dictatorship, is strongly connected to Netanyahu, and has been talking about moving the Brazilian embassy in Israel to Jerusalem. Netanyahu has visited Brazil for Bolsonaro’s election ceremony, in 2018, and Bolsonaro has visited Israel the year after.

In 2019, Brazil opened a trade office in Jerusalem.[4]

Israel and Brazil signed agreements in fields of energy, science, technology, innovation, civil aviation and trade promotion and investments.

Brazil has the largest defense budget in South America. While Brazil’s purchase of military equipment and services from Israel were limited during the 1980s and 1990s, these purchases have become a significant part of the trading relationship.  During the period 2010-2019, Brazil ranked 7th in terms of receipt of Israel weapons exports[5]. Brazil is a key buyer of Israeli weapons and military technology. In addition to the hundreds of millions of dollars in contracts signed with Israeli manufacturer Elbit since 2000, the Brazilian Air Force signed a $90 million, five-year lease for 12 Kfir aircraft, and Rafael-manufactured Derby missiles were purchased in 2006. Israel Aircraft Industries signed a $350 million contract in November 2009 to supply drones to the Brazilian police – the largest such deal ever between Israel and Brazil.[6]

Moreover, the relationship now includes joint ventures for the manufacture of military equipment & systems, While some of these are used for military purposes, a substantial part is used for police and security operations, ostensibly for drug-interdiction, but also for example for the 2016 Olympics. The Israeli security company ISDS was supposed to take care of security during the Olympics, but the contract was cancelled after pressure from human rights groups.

Brazil regularly hosts the LAAD Defense and Security international fair, the biggest weapons fair in Latin America and an entry point for Israeli military industry to all Latin American countries.

After Bolsonaro’s election, new trade deals, including defense deals, between Israel and Brazil were discussed and signed, for example the sale of new drones, including drones with facial recognition tools[7].

Israeli drones are regularly used by Brazil to monitor its borders, especially the northern one with Venezuela, and the western one with Bolivia and Paraguay. AEL International Ltd., a Brazilian subsidiary of Israel Elbit, provides the electro-optical observation and surveillance systems for the SISFRON border security program[8].

After huge security investments in preparation for the 2014 Football World Cup and the 2016 Olympics in Rio, Israeli drones were also used during those events to monitor crowds and guarantee security[9].

Brazil has developed “Caçador”, a home-produced UAV, based on the operational experience with IAI’s Heron 1, used in Brazil since 2010[10]. 15 IAI Heron drones are currently operated jointly by the Brazilian Air Force and the Brazilian police.

Brazilian police and military have been trained in the Israeli self-defense and fighting system of Krav Maga.[11]

The list of human rights problems in Brazil is long. Some police officers kill unlawfully, torture detainees, and mistreat children in conflict with the law. Many Brazilian prisons are severely overcrowded, and the lack of adequate state control leaves inmates vulnerable to violence, extortion, and recruitment by gangs. Other human rights problems include violence against women, killings of journalists and bloggers because of their work, and violence against rural activists and indigenous people involved in conflicts over land. Perpetrators of abuses during the military rule of 1964 to 1985 continue to be shielded from justice by an amnesty law passed by the military regime. Since the election of President Bolsonaro in 2018 things have gotten worse when it comes to human rights: the president has openly shown racism, hate against women, gay and trans people, support for violence, disregard for Indigenous people’s rights… His openly anti-human rights rhetoric was put into practice through administrative and legislative measures by federal and state governments. The year 2019 also saw an increase in the number of killings by police on active duty; severe environmental crises in the Amazon disproportionately affecting Indigenous peoples, Quilombolas and other local traditional communities; attempts to curtail the activities of civil society organizations; and threats against and killings of human rights defenders. The authorities failed to provide an adequate response to a whole range of human rights violations[12] [13].

Download as XLS or PDF or view the Google-Doc

Product
Company
Year
Deal Size
Comments
Source
400 Phyton-3 SRAAMs
Rafael
1996 (2001)
Sipri
200 Phyton-4 BVRAAMs
Rafael
2002 (2011)
for F-5M Combat Aircraft
Sipri
9 EL/M-2022 MP Aircraft Radars
IAI
2005 (2011-2014)
part of €320m
for modernization of P-3AM Aircraft
Sipri
200 Derby BVRAAMs
Rafael
2006 (2011)
for F-5E Combat Aircraft
Sipri
10 Litening III EO systems
Rafael
2006 (2011-2013)
for AMX and F-5M Combat Aircraft
Sipri
60 UT-25 and UT-30 IFV Turrets
Elbit
2010 (2014-2019)
$260m
for VBTP-MR IFV, produced in Brazil
Sipri
7 Reccelite Aircraft recce systems
Rafael
2006 (2014-2019)
part of $50m deal
Sipri
2 EL/M-2022 MP Aircraft radar
IAI
2007 (2019)
for s C295 (SC-105A) transport/SAR aircraft
Sipri
8 EL/M-2032 Combat AC radar
IAI
2009 (2015-2019)
for modernization of 12 A-4KU (AF-1) Combat Aircraft
Sipri
2 Hermes-450 UAVs
Elbit
2010 (2011)
Brazilian designation: RQ-450
Sipri
2 Hermes-450 UAVs
Elbit
2012 (2013)
$25m
Brazilian designation: RQ-450, assembled in Brazil
Sipri
150 Lizard-2 Guided Bombs
Elbit
2013 (2014-2015)
$2.1m
Sipri
Air Refuel Systems
IAI
2014
for modernization of 4 C-1 transport aircrafts to KC-2 tankers
Sipri
2 EL/M-2022 MP Aircraft Radars
IAI
2014 (2017)
for 2 C295 transport/SAR aircrafts
Sipri
1 EL/M-2022 MP Aircraft Radar
IAI
2014 (2017)
for 1 C295 transport/SAR aircraft
Spiri
2 Hermes-900 UAVs
Elbit
2014
Link
14 Heron UAVs
IAI
2009 (2010)
$350m
Link
MVR MARS RS optical sights
Ares (Elbit)
2014
for IA2 IMBEL Rifles
Link
Electro-Optic Systems
Elbit
2013
for border protection
Link
215 Armament towers for armored vehicle
Ares (Elbit)
2017 (2017-2021)
$62.5m
for Guarani armored vehicles
Link
cyber defense academy
Elta (IAI)
2019
Link